At some stage in our lives, we all have them, under the nose and above the chin, but then do we really know everything we should about them? Here's what you should know on teeth. Teeth come in different types for each serves a purpose. Your incisors are the ones that grow in front. Inward shoveling of food is also done by these sharpest form of teeth. The canine teeth can be found in the mouth's corner. These teeth with long roots function best in grasping and tearing food. Premolars are right behind the canines and these serve as the food crushers with its flat surface. Molars on the other hand boast of bigger and flatter chewing area as these are much larger than the premolars. Breaking down food into small pieces is what they do best.

The two parts that make up a tooth is its crown and root. The crown can be seen easily inside the mouth while the root, which is about 66 percent of the tooth's length, hides below the gum line. Each one of our teeth is composed of four different tissues. The durable coating that makes the teeth safe from wear and tear due to chewing is known as the enamel. The dentin which supports the enamel, its yellow, bone like material carries the nerve fibers. The pulp is where the nerves, lymph vessels and blood resides and it is also the center of the tooth.

Pulps are the parts of teeth that transmit signals to the brain and ensures the teeth are nourished properly. The cementum covers the tooth and helps attach the tooth to the bones in your jaw. Periodontal layers cushion and connect the cementum to the jaw bone of the tooth.

While we know that braces are popular orthodontic treatments for misaligned teeth, do you know precisely how it functions? Apart from giving you a better appearance, straight teeth also helps in good speech and better chewing. Cleaning crocked teeth with unnatural gaps is hard and can easily acquire cavities. Due to teeth misalignment, jaw lines can be crooked and this can be very excruciating.

Employing orthodontic treatments braces and retainers are good ways of correcting this. Orthodontic treatment works by exerting general pressure over time to realign teeth that are growing, or have already grown out of their customary place. Braces are primarily made up of first, the bonding that connects the bracket to the tooth and the arch wire which runs throughout all the brackets.

These days, many patients with orthodontic needs can get braces that are transparent and can attach to the back of the teeth. Braces have come a very long way since the old days known as train tracks.After it has done its duty, retainers come in next. Retainers which are custom made tooth gear are used to keep teeth situated in their position. These can manage fixing minor orthodontic concerns. Teeth that are straight and healthy do not only define beauty but it also encourage proper bodily functions. We will have good health and plenty to smile about when we know all about teeth and how to properly care for them.

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