It's a reality that these days computer is an essential part of our life. It is being used in every aspect of our life and it facilitates the people of the world in many disciplines. We will discuss here only a few fields where the computer is playing a vital role. We know that the diagnosis of many complex diseases was not so easy before the invention of the computer. It is playing a vital role in the field of health. Now we are using computerized software and machines for the diagnosis of many diseases.
In banking system, the computer is playing its role very well. All the transaction are being managed through the computerized system. Now it is possible to transfer the money in a few seconds from all over the world. It becomes possible only due to the computer.
Computer can provide you up to date information from all over the world via internet. We can communicate with our friends and family through out the world on the internet. People are sharing their information with others all over the world through internet. Computer can also facilitate the promotion of your business on the internet. People are selling their products easily all over the world via internet.
Role in Education
Computer also plays an important role for the students. Students are getting their knowledge through the internet. They are exchanging their knowledge with their colleagues and teachers. Online admissions are also available in many popular universities of the world. You can take an online admission in any university in the world, if it is not possible to visit the country in which the university or college is situated.
Now if we take the history of computers then we will realize that the invention of the computer was very interesting. Many inventors in the world contributed in making a complex piece of machinery, which is considered to be a separate invention today. We will look at a brief history of the computer here.
First freely programmable computer was invented by Konrad Zuse in 1936. Its name was Z1 computer. Then a new version was developed by John Atanasoff & Clifford Berry in 1942. They named this computer as ABC computer. Later in 1944 Hawad Aiken & Grace Hopper introduced Harvard Mark I Computer. ENIAC 1 Computer was released in 1949 by John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly. In 1948 Manchester Baby Computer & the Williams Tube computer was developed by Frederic Williams & Tom Kilburn.
In 1947/1948 John Bardeen, Walter Brattain & Wiliam Shockley invented "The transistor" this invention affected the history of computer greatly.
IBM entered the world of computers in 1953. They introduced the IBM 701 EDPM computer. In 1954 Fortan Computer programming was introduced by John Backus & IBM. Noyce. The first 'modern' computer was invented in 1958 by Steve Russell & MIT.
Then in 1955 Stanford Research Institute, Bank of America, and General Electric introduced ERMA and MICR. This was the first computer used by the bank industry for their check reading. In 1958 the integrated Circuit was designed by Jack Kilby & Robert
First Microprocessor was then introduced by the Faggin,Hoff & Mazor. This microprocessor chip was named as Intel 4004 Computer Microprocessor. Later on after the after the release of Windows, computer became a more useful machine with the graphical user interface. Now technology is being upgraded on a daily basis.
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