Replacing the processor of your computer is one of the easiest upgrades to do. The processor is considered the brain of the computer as all the data processing, calculations and control is done here. Processors come in different types and speed. In the computer, different motherboards support different types and speed range of processors.

Computer processors are typed according to the manufacturer and the model. The two major processor manufacturers are Intel and Advanced Micro Devices (AMD). Intel processors are mostly found in branded computers and the AMD in assembled units. The Intel processors come in two major types, the Pentium and the Celeron. The Pentium line of processors is suitable for processes that demand high processor performance such as graphic and video intense applications. Celeron line of processors can run basic computer applications cost effectively. The AMD line of processors is common in self-built computer systems. They have the first 64-bit line of processors which are capable of handling intense graphics and high power demanding jobs. They may also come with automatic viral protection, built-in.

The older computer models may have other lines of processor models. There are Macintosh-type processors, that were used in Apple's Macintosh computers from 1984 until 2006. Prior to that, Apple computers used Motorola processors known as the 68000 series for the operating systems' processing. There were also IBM processors used in Apple computers between 1996 and 2006.

Replacing a computer's processor follows a certain process. Any mistakes resulting can lead to grave consequences.

The first thing to do is to find out the processor requirement information of your computer. This information can be seen on most motherboards or in the instruction manuals of the computer. The manufacturer of the computer can also be contacted in the case of a branded computer or the manufacturer of the motherboard in the case of a home-built one. Get to know the socket type on the motherboard and whether it supports 32-bit or 64-bit type of processors.

After getting the information and buying the new processor you are now ready for the installation. Power the computer off from the mains.

• Lift the heatsink off the old processor by unclipping or unscrewing depending on what you have.

• Take out the old processor

• Take out the new processor from its containing box and place it on the motherboard. Let the golden triangle be lined with one of the sockets and push it gently to fall in place. Do not force it as this may damage a circuit on it.

• Place the included heatsink on the processor according to the instructions that come with it. If it comes with a fan, connect it to its appropriate source.

• Replace any parts removed and then power the computer on.

If the processor is replaced correctly, the computer will come on but otherwise, it may not work properly. If however you are not conversant with the internal components of the computer, it will be better to get a qualified person to do the replacement for you, or just follow the instructions carefully.

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