Provisions of Human Rights In The Indian Constitution
The Constitution of India is one of the lengthiest Constitutions of the world which covers almost all aspects of people. It gives equal status to all religions in India. Dr B R Ambedkar played a leading role in framing the Constitution of India. He is known as the Father of Indian Constitution.
The situation of human rights in India is complex, due to large size, tremendous diversity, its status as a developing country, and history as a former colonial territory. In 1829 the practice of Sati was formally abolished in British India after years of campaigning by Raja Ram Mohan Roy against this Hindu funeral custom of self-immolation of widows after the death of their husbands. As civil and political rights, In India context rights of marginalized women, tribal's, dalits or lower-caste, and poor whose survival depends on access to natural resources are important
Compared to other countries India has strong vibrant media which does not allow any wrong to go totally unnoticed. Indian media has, created channels to let human rights violations come to the notice to public consciousness. Now day's media has almost reached at every corner of village or town be it remote or developed.
The Constitution of India is one of the most rights- based constitutions in the world. Drafted around the same Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948), the Indian Constitution captures the essence of human rights in its Preamble, and the sections of Fundamental Rights and the Directive Principles of state Policy.
The Constitution of India is based on the principles that guided India's struggle against a colonial regime that consistently violated the civil, political, social, economic and cultural rights of the people of India. The freedom struggle itself was informed by the many movements for social reform, against oppressive social practices like Sati the practice of the wife following her dead husband onto the funeral. Child marriage, untouchability etc.thus by the mid 1920's the Indian National Congress had already adopted most of the civil and political rights in its agenda.
The movement led by Dr B R Ambedkar one of the founding fathers of the Constitution against discrimination against the Dalits also had an impact on the Indian Constitution.
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A teacher by profession