Power cut is a major problem in developing countries. This is mostly common in the third world countries of Asian and African continents. There are more than twenty developing countries in these two continents where the people of the countries get less than 10 hours of electric supply a day. The condition is worse in the summer.
There are mainly two ways to overcome the power cut problem in the developing nations: one is by using modern technology and other is by making people aware about power saving. However, both of them are not as easy as it sounds; especially for a developing country.
There are several ways for producing electricity. Some of the firs world countries use the atomic energy to transform them into electric power; but that is a costly method. Most of the developing countries are not capable of atomic research, let alone creating necessary power production. This is very expensive in one hand; and in other hand, this needs the highest level of security. And also there are many rules and regulations on using atomic power in the world.
Hydro electric power
The most popular and used method for electricity production is using current. This is competitively cheaper and easier; but the problem is not every country has rivers that have sufficient tide flow to product electricity. Another problem for this technique is the increasing temperature of the earth. That reduces the water level of the rivers. Yet, it can be developed by doing some ground works to increase the water flow.
The current best method to develop the power cuts problem in the developing countries is using solar power. This technology is now using in many countries. Some of the developed countries even use the solar power for electric supply. This is very cost effective and available in most countries.
In this method, the solar energy is stored in the solar cells all day long and that can be used at night. The solar energy can be the ultimate solution for the power cut problem in the developing countries.
Making people aware:
In most of the developing countries, the rate of educated people is very low and so they have no idea of problem of low power supply. Most of these people have the tendency of wasting electricity. It is very common to see in a middle class home in a developing country that all the lights and some other electric machines run all day long even if they have no use or when no one is around.
Making people aware of the situation is very important. Using the power supply only when necessary can help to distribute and maintain constant supply in all over the country. The government has to do the job of informing the people of the country about the side effects of wasting power supply. Making people aware of the situation, the government can save a lot of energy to serve the whole country.
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