Macro photography - it's shooting small objects close up. The smaller the object is cleared in the frame, the steeper the macro:) It is believed that macro - it's shot in a 1:1 (one to one), ie if an object has, for example, size 1 cm - in the frame, so in reality. Here, under the "frame" refers to the size of the light-sensitive element (film, matrix). Some do not agree with the definition of the macro scale of 1:1, and argue that the macro starts from a small increase of 1:5 (one to five - to 1 cm frame fit the object 5 cm) to increase the 20:1 (1 cm 0.05 cm frame fit [0.5 mm] of the object). Close up, what scale? Still others specify that there is a close-up shooting (up to 1:2), macro (1:2 to 10:1) and micrograph of 10:1 ... In general, the views of many, and confusing ... but if you wanted to sense and understand that you can see a picture on the left and try to determine what is there to scale ... :)

In all this diversity to forget about the definition of the frame, "frame", "frame size", "centimeter object in the frame." In fact, "we have a shot," the following: a matrix of different cameras have very different sizes, and also the film (35 mm or, for example, large). Besides, "centimeter object in the frame" depends on the lens focal length, the minimum focusing distance, the possibility of increasing from a negative, or increase in the digital editor ... Close-up, do not say that - the concept is really easy. So it's best at the "macro - the staff" did not understand the dimensions of the matrix, or negative, and size of the final prints on photographic paper. Ie If a beetle the size of 2 cm in height filled the photograph 10 x 15 cm, its increase by 5 times! (10 / 2 = 5, it is 5:1). If the image quality allows you to print this bug to the size of photographs 20x30 cm (height), the increase desyatitikratnoe, ie 10:1! And if you can not print a full-length, then fifteen times - 15:1 ... That's what a real macro photography and macro! In general, no nonsense not mind the size of the matrix:)

Personally, I think that macro - it's when you see the picture what the eye actually sees. It is not necessary to attach great importance to all this. In fact, the precise boundaries of macro / close-up is not there, and in general the value of the image, in the first place, identifies the scene and not the size of the frame. However, at high magnification macro is able to show a picture (or screen) is not only visible but also invisible to the naked eye detail and structure of the object! This is interesting not only amateurs, but scientists - for active use in various fields of science and technology for research purposes. I do not know as of now, but in the Soviet Union was widely used macro science, and scientists with engineers too:)

In any case, examples of close-to me, of course, have to show:) For example, spider and flower. It is shallow close-up, or if you just close up shots. How much is necessary to increase each decides for himself.

Beauty of plants and butterflies is charming you, but numerous attempts to capture them end with failure? If so, check out the secrets of successful macro described below.

The basis of photography - the right lighting. Choose halogen lamps with flexible mounts. Experiment with the direction of light to get the most out of shadows. Because of this the photograph will be voluminous and beautiful.

Be sure to use a macro lens. If you have a compact camera, set it to "Macro". Only in this case, your machine will be able to focus very close, and the subject will seem bigger.

In the macro is to choose small values of aperture value - 5.5 or less. So you get a very clear image of the object being photographed on a blurred background.

Be sure to add a tripod in the range of equipment for filming. You do SLR camera? Turn on the "Mirror Lock-up". Because of this, any shaking during the shutter will be removed.

During doing the photo always carry a bottle of distilled water. Just before the shooting spray the leaves and flowers - in the photo, they will shine purity and freshness. In addition, a drop of water, refracting, creating a kaleidoscope of reflections.

Remember these rules, and your photos will always be successful!