Fundamental Rights of an Indian Citizen:
Indian Constitution has given six Fundamental Rights to every individual residing in India. The rights cannot be denied by any individual and if anyone dares to do so than we can approach to the court against such violation. Fundamental Rights gives equal opportunity to every citizen of India.
1) Right To Equality: Our Constitution gives equal opportunity to all the people of the country. No one can be treated as unequal on the basis of sex, caste, religion or place of birth. Practices of any acts of untouchability are punishable by law. However the weaker sections of the society are protected by some laws as seats are reserved for them in school, colleges and government jobs.
2) Right To Freedom Of Expression: Every citizen is free in India to express his or her thoughts and speech. They can assemble peacefully without arms and form Unions and associations and can settle in any part of the country and can practice any trade of their choice.
3) Right Against Exploitation: No individual can be forced to work against his or her wish. Children should not be forced to work. No child below the age of 14 years can be made to work in harmful places like factories or mines.
4) Right To Freedom Of Religion: Every individual in India is free to choose and practice religion of his or her choice. All religions are treated alike or equal. No one can be forced to practice any religion against his or her wish.
5) Cultural And Educational Rights: Our country comprises many cultures, language, scripts etc. This is because India is a large country with many states which have their own language and culture. There are many minority groups such as Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Jains and Parsis. Each group has the right to follow its own customs and tradition. They have the right to set up their own educational institution in any part of India.
6) Right To Constitutional Remedies: An individual has the right to ask for justice in a court or law if he or she feels that his or her Fundamental Rights have been violated.
It is important to keep in mind that Fundamental Rights can be suspended in times of Emergency.
Mr. Liyakat Shah
About Author / Additional Info:
A teacher by profession