Explanation of Surah No 99 of Quran AL-ZILZAL (The Convulsion)
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
This is also one of the earliest Meccan Surah. Its topic is another life after death when all their tinniest of the tiny good evil done in their probation life of this world will be brought forth in front of their Lord and their Books of Record will be opened. Then they will be surprised to see that nothing is left out. It also refers to the convulsion and uprooting which will take place when the present order of the world will be dissolved and the New world of Justice and Truth will be established.
In the beginning Allah reveals that on the Final Day of Judgement there will be a terrifying, terrible earthquake, worst that we can ever think of and the earth will be shaken badly, turning inside out and it will empty the burden which was kept for a long time e.g. the dead, the minerals and treasure will be all emptied out. The man seeing all these will say what is happening to it. All his life he struggled to collect the wealth as much as he could by all sorts of crook ways and now it is all lying in front him as useless as he could think of.
The Nonbelievers will be surprised to see the Reality and will be sorry for themselves for rejecting the news given to them about this Day. But the Believers will be happy to see it happening exactly as they were told.
That Day all the scattered parts of the human decayed bodies will be gathered together and they will rise with their Books of Records open in front of them. Even their most secret deed or inner motives will be brought to the full light.
The Earth will be ordered by the Lord to proceed and give the witness. Then it will tell the whole story and repeat all the events of good or evil of each and everyone as when and where was it done. Although in this present world good and evil will are mixed up, but on that True Judgement Day each grade of good or evil will be sorted out with Justice. Therefore the witness of speaking of the earth and the human parts of the bodies are necessary for the correct Judgement in the Supreme Court of Allah. So that sinners cannot deny any of their evil deeds. Both categories of good and evil will proceed in sorted groups to receive the Judgement. They will be shown the exact import of everything that they thought, said or done in their life of probation. Everything as little as the weight of an atom will be brought to account openly and nothing will be hidden, since that Day there will be no partiality or favourtism but there will be True Judgement.
In previous Suras of 6, 10,24,28,34 Allah says that Believers will get the reward ten times more for any of their good deeds and the Rejecters and sinners get the punishment equal to their sins. And in other Suras of 11, 14, 18, 24 Allah says that the good deeds of Nonbelievers will not go up but they will get their rewards in the world only. But they will be punished for the Rejection of Faith in the Hereafter. Therefore Allah informs the man that the tiniest of the tiny good or bad deeds has its weight and get written down. Thus one must not leave any tiny good deed to do since all these little tiny deeds get mounted and become big and entitled you better rewards and same way one must avoid to do the tiniest evil deed since all these tiny evil deeds get mounted up and put you deep in Allah's Wrath.
The Summary is taken from the Book "The Pearls Of Wisdom" by Mrs. Badria Kazim (May Allah shower Blessings And Mercy upon Her)
Mr. Liyakat Shah
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A teacher by profession