Explanation of Surah No 97 of Quran AL-QADR (The Night of Honours)
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
This is probably a Meccan Surah revealed in Mecca the subject matter is the Night of Power (or Honour), in which Revelation came down to the Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) for the first time through Angel Gabriel when he was confined to his worship in the Heera cave in Mecca, in the Month of Ramadan.
The Theme of this Surah is to show the importance of the Holy Book of Quran.
In the beginning Allah strictly says that this is your Lord who has revealed this Quran and for sure it is not the composition of His Messenger (PBUH)
Then Allah says the Message of Allah descended down on One Special Night in the form of the first five verses of Surah 96 Al-Alaq and the Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) was chosen as Allah's Messenger. In that Auspicious Night, the spiritual darkness was dispersed by the Glory of Allah, giving rise to the soul the sense of security and peace which last until Dawn. All through that Honourable Night there is Peace and Goodness from your Lord to His Believing slaves, until the appearance of Dawn.
Allah says that this particular Honourable Night is better than the thousand nights since on this Night the Qur'an was revealed to remove the spiritual darkness by the Glory of Allah. This in fact was a great incident that happened on the Powerful Night that Allah's Guidance was given to His men in a form of complete Book of Qur'an. Most probably that Night the whole Qur'an was given to His Angel by Allah from His Divine Computer and then in the next twenty three years according to the guidance needed to His mankind, the verses were revealed to Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) Any good deed done in this Auspicious Night is most rewarded. On that Night the Spirit (Angel Gabriel) and the Angels come down by Allah's command and all this last until the dawn, and Allah takes the good decision suitable to His mankind. The sincere worship offered to your Lord and plenty good deeds give rise to sense of security and wonderful peace of our Souls, with plenty rewards in the Hereafter.
Now when is that Auspicious Night?
Narrated Aisha, the wife of Prophet (PBUH) that Allah's Messenger (PBUH), "search for the Night of Qadar in the odd Nights of ten Nights of Ramadan may be 21st, 23rd, or 27th Night of Ramadan The exact night is not mentioned, may be for the reason that the believers won't confined themselves to only one particular Night for worship and good deeds but they should continue on other nights as well to collect and build their most Rewards in the Hereafter.
The Summary is taken from the Book "The Pearls Of Wisdom" by Mrs. Badria Kazim (May Allah shower Blessings And Mercy upon Her)
Mr. Liyakat Shah
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A teacher by profession