Explanation of Surah No 112 of Quran Al-Ikhlas (The Purity)
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
This also is an Early Meccan Surah.
Prophet Mohammad (Peace and Blessings upon Him) was given the Prophecy by Allah and he was ordered by his Lord to invite people towards the True faith.
The Meccan Pagans had different beliefs e.g. Saabi used to worship the stars while 'Majousi' worshipped the fire. Some of them worshiped different idols of gods and goddesses, having human faces and bodies, and some animal forms.
Their belief was that their gods need food and drinks. Some believed that He had a son e.g. Jews believe uzair as son of God Christians believe that Jesus is son of God. Some believe that Angels are daughters of Allah and they used to furnish their idols with jewelry and believed that they belong closed to Allah would take their calls or needs to Him. Although they believed in One True God, who is the Creator, Sustainer and Cherisher of all but they use to make all above falsehood His partners and used to give His attributes to their made gods.
To hear the invitation of the Prophet (Peace and Blessings upon Him) to worship One Allah Only made the Pagan surprised at the beginning. Therefore the Pagans made many inquires and was very inquisitive to know about Allah asking the Prophet with different questions e.g. to describe His Nature, with what He was made of, what are His qualities. They believed that He is the Creator and Sustainer of all, so they used to call Him 'Allah' and their made idols gods as 'Ilaha'. Therefore this was revealed by Allah in which in few words the Nature of Allah was indicated.
Allah says to His Messenger (Peace and Blessings upon Him) to tell them that He is the One Whom you all know and He is not any new to you. He is the Only One our worship is due and no one else. He has no partners. He does not want anyone to share in His Realm, He is not in need of anyone nor anything but we do all need Him. He is Eternal without any end and He is Eternal without having any need.
So this Surah was revealed by Allah in which in few words the nature of Allah is indicated.
Allah then tell His messenger (Peace and Blessings upon Him) to tell that Allah is the One Whom you know whose Nature is to sublime. He is the most Exalted beyond our limited conceptions. He is near us, He cares for us. We owe our existence to him. He is the Creator of all the Universe. He is One and only One God to whom our worships is due No one is His partner nor any one share in His Realm. We need Him but He doesn't need us. He is Eternal, absolute, nor limited by time or shape. All other things are His creatures and nothing is comparable to Him. He has no Son, Mother or daughters. His qualities and Nature are unique. He does not need a son to carry His generation or to give him strength and power. Absolute Existence can only be predicted to Him.
Their false gods depend on their worshippers which prove as how they can help. Everything will perish but Allah will remain. He is not human to produce children to follow human pattern.
Therefore he Alone is Worthy of Worship. This cancels the idea of polytheism and warns us against Anthropomorphism (that is to believe that Allah had human form and human qualities)
So truly there is nor was nor can be anyone like Him. Thus he Alone has Rights of Worship.
The foundation of Quran based on three things.
1) To believe in One True God and not to make any partners to Him and offer our thanks and worship to One Allah Alone.
2) To believe in all His messengers.
3) To believe in the day of Judgments, its rewards and punishment.
4) According to the traditions, the Prophet (Peace and Blessings upon Him) granted this Surah as one third of the whole Quran.
5) Whoever read this Surah once will get the rewards of one third of the Holy Quran.
The Summary is taken from the Book "The Pearls Of Wisdom" by Mrs. Badria Kazim (May Allah shower Blessings And Mercy upon Her)
Mr. Liyakat Shah
About Author / Additional Info:
A teacher by profession