Explanation of Surah No 110 of Quran An-Nasr (The Help)
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
This beautiful Surah was the last of the Suras to be revealed as a whole. The date of this Surah was only a few months before the passing away of the Holy Prophet (Peace and Blessings upon Him) from this world in the Month of Rabi 1. Hijra 11.
The place of Revelation of this Surah was Muna, in Mecca at his farewell Pilgrimage in Zulhajja Hijra 10 or in Medina after return from His farewell Pilgrimage.
In the legend it say that the Holy Prophet (Peace And Blessings Upon Him) after the revelation of this Surah said that he has been given the news by His Lord that His end has come and He has to leave this world.
In this Surah Allah revealed to His Messenger ( Peace And Blessings Upon Him) that when Mecca would win and tribes after tribes would enter into Islam and accept His invitation of True Faith, then it means that His time is over, ready for departure from this world. That means His Mission is completed.
The Meccan Pagans used to persecute the Prophet (Peace and Blessings upon Him for He used to invite people on True Faith and anyone who would accept his Message had to go through hardship. Therefore the Prophet (Peace and Blessings upon Him) and His Believers had to migrate to Yathrab (Medina). But the Meccan Quraish followed them but did not succeed. The Medina people (Ansaar) welcomed them and gave them help and friendly hands and many of them accepted the Messenger) Peace and Blessings upon Him) and His True Faith. Gradually all the outlaying parts of Arabia accepted Islam and the bloodless conquest of Mecca was the crown and prize of His patience by Allah's Grace and Mercy.
Allah orders His Prophet (Peace And Blessings Upon Him) to humble Himself before Allah, that now his task of this world is over, therefore should thank and praise His Lord that by His Grace and Mercy He succeeded to complete successfully His Mission and Allah advises His Messenger (Peace And Blessings Upon Him) to ask for forgiveness from His Lord for any kind of His mistake in carrying His Mission. And now He should strive hard for His Hereafter by ample prayers and thanks giving. He also should ask for forgiveness and Mercy from His Lord for his people.
The lesson in this Surah is that all victory comes from Allah and the victory is the Crown of the service with only help of Allah. Everyone should humble himself before Allah, confess his human weakness and ask for His forgiveness in repentance. And any success that he gets should be considered as Allah's Grace and Mercy and not due to his own merits. And any sacrifice that he gives in striving in His good cause and as many humble prayers he offered to his Lord, he should never think that he has not done good enough to please his Lord so he should always ask His forgiveness since He is Oft-forgiving.
The Summary is taken from the Book "The Pearls Of Wisdom" by Mrs. Badria Kazim (May Allah shower Blessings And Mercy upon Her)
Mr. Liyakat Shah
About Author / Additional Info:
A teacher by profession