Explanation of Surah No 106 of Quran Quraish (The Custodian of Kaba)

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

This is an early Meccan Surah as a pendent to the Surah Al-Fil.
First of all let us know the history about Quraish. The Tribe of Quraish was from Hijaz and the people were very poor. Then Qussa, who was the forefather of Prophet (PBUH), gathered them in Mecca and made it a state. Thus they took over the charge of Kaba started taking good care of Kaba and the Pilgrims. So they were well honoured for their service. After Manaf and Abduddar. Abd Manaf was very popular thus he became the leader. He had four sons, Hashim, Abd Shams, Muttalib and Noafal.

Hashim who was the great grandfather of Holy Prophet (PBUH) got the idea of doing business trade with Eastern countries as well as Egypt and Syria. That time Iran took over the international trade between Eastern countries and the Roman Estate thus, closing the doors of business on Romans. This way the roads which were going Southern Arabia to Syria and Egypt side by side of the coast of Red Sea became very popular and rich in trade. Thus the trade caravans of Quraish could travel freely doing their trade without any fear of anyone robbing them or attacking them. Besides being the care taker of Kaba and pilgrims everyone had great respect for them. The other tribes also did not charge them any tax for crossing their territories. Having all these privileges, these four sons of Abd Manaf created good business relations with Syria, Abyssinia, Yemen, Iraq and Persia. Thus they became very rich and well known merchants in Arabia. And Mecca became the center of trade and commerce, thus other tribe became rich, well experienced businessmen and educated that other tribe in Arabia could compete them.

The people of Quraish were advancing in their wealth and trade when Abraha came to destroy Kaba and take over Mecca. But by the Grace of Allah, Abraha and his great force miraculously got destroyed. Therefore as said in previous Sura, the Arabs for next few years worshipped Allah Alone and they had great faith that Kaba is House of Allah.

As it is said before that there were no peace in Arab world especially at nights due to robbing and looting. But none would dare touch or loot the Quraish Caravans. So with the grace of Allah they had peace. Also Allah made the city of Mecca as nonviolated city due to the pilgrimage and they did not suffer the danger of constant war fare. So they could perform their religious rites peacefully.

Therefore Allah blessed the Quraish with triple advantages 1) They had commanding influences on other tribes and were well respected. 2) Their central position fascilated their trade made them very rich without any danger of looting. 3) Mecca being nonviolated city, they got a second position free from danger. Not only that they were blessed most for a great Prophet (PBUH) belonged to this tribe. Therefore Allah says that giving all Blessings and Grace by their Lord Alone and they know very well that their made gods cannot help or protect them, so they should really worship One True God and not associate their falsehood with Him. And in return for all these Blessings they should obey their Lord and His Messenger (PBUH).

The Summary is taken from the Book "The Pearls Of Wisdom" by Mrs. Badria Kazim (May Allah shower Blessings And Mercy upon Her)
Mr. Liyakat Shah

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A teacher by profession