Explanation of Surah No 102 of Quran AT-Takathur (The Piling Up)

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

This is an early Meccan Surah. It gives warning against the passion for pilling up of worldly things, fame, power, wealth etc.
In the beginning Allah says that what has happened to you that to collect more and more has made you so busy that you have forgotten and neglected the important things in your life. You never satisfied for what you have been given and to thank your Lord. But you try to get as much as you can indifferent fields e.g. the passion to seek an increase in wealth, higher position, the number of followers without caring which are the means you are getting them from. For it makes you neglect to give the rights to whom it deserves, feeding the poor and helping other. You have passion to increase your power, collecting arms and ammunition and for what? to kill your own innocent beings and fill the world with oppressions. You also try to enjoy most of the luxuries and lusts ignoring its consequences.
Allah says that all your life span given to you, you wasted it in the collections and you think that you have achieved a very good success. But soon you will know its results as soon as the time of your departure from this world comes and then you will realize that you have to leave everything. You forget that now you will be asked as which means you got all these from. Did you get them in an honest way or crook way. You will also be asked about the Bounties your Lord has given you, as to which way you utilized them. Did you use it in His Good cause or you utilized it lavishly to satisfy your own self. Did you ever try to offer thanks to your Lord or you just took it granted that these you got from your own merit or may be these are the favours of your false gods.
Therefore you will be asked about all these worldly delight and the sources you got them from and then you will be held responsible on the Day of Judgement infront of Allah, the Supreme Judge. Beware that each and everyone involved in this category including the Believers will be asked. Allah reminds them once again that surely you will know it's consequences of Blazing Fire of Hell. Infact you wasted your life in wrong things and wrong efforts of no value. It is sad that you did not pay attention to the warnings given to you. If you had taken it seriously then you would have seen the Reality and would have avoided the wrong. Any way now use your reason and do not waste your time in evil collections. Why not try to strive in His Good cause and follow the Righteous ways to get the ample benefit in the Hereafter!

The Summary is taken from the Book "The Pearls Of Wisdom" by Mrs. Badria Kazim (May Allah shower Blessings And Mercy upon Her)
Mr. Liyakat Shah

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A teacher by profession