Explan Explanation of Surah No 108 of Quran Al- Kauthar (A River In Paradise)
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
This is an Early Meccan Surah.
The Prophet (Peace and Blessings upon Him) when started his Mission inviting the Pagans Quraish and the Meccan Pagans on True Faith to worship One True God Only and not to make any partners to Him, thus cancelling all their made gods and goddesses. Thus this created a lot of enemies to the Prophet. The Pagans will call him mad, taunt Him and mock Him. And when he lost his two sons Qasim and Abdulla, so his bitter enemies Abu Jahal and Abu Lahab celebrated instead of giving condolence, mocking that he will have no one to carry his Faith and after Him soon this Faith will die out. The Prophet (Peace and Blessings upon Him) also lost his business, was cut off from all his relatives and was going through vary hard time.
These were the situations when Allah has given Him a lot of confidence in many places in Quran example in Surah 94 verse 4. Allah says that He raised his fame high; every Muslim takes His name with respect and will do so until the end of this world. Also in Surah 93 Verse 4. Allah says to His Messenger that Hereafter will be for Him that the present one. And He will give you something which you will be happy.
Therefore in this Surah as well Allah gives comfort and confidence and advice Him to have patience and not to give up His mission but keep on preaching and the success will be at his doorstep. His name will be taken with Allah in the call for each Prayer. He will be bestowed upon with ample Bounties in this world and in Hereafter and he will have a lot of followers. And his Message of True Faith worldwide. But his enemies will surely be let down and everyone will take their names with hatred until the end of the world and many more punishment for them in the Hereafter by their Lord.
Then Allah guarantees His Messenger (Peace and Blessings upon Him) that he will grant Him in the Hereafter "A River named "Kauthur" in the Paradise. On the Day of Judgment Holy Prophet (Peace and Blessings upon Him) will lead His Believers with good deeds to a very large well also called "Kauthur". Its water will be filled from a River called "Kauthur" in Paradise. Its water will be whiter than milk, cooler than ice and sweater than honey. Its sand is perfumed more than musk and the banks of which are made of tents with pearls. And only those followers would join Him who were True Believers and who would obey and follow the Messenger (Peace and Blessings upon Him) and who would strive hard with all their self, efforts and goods in the cause of Allah. But those who disobeyed Him and changed and crossed the Boundaries of Allah to suit their daily life would not be allowed near this well. Anyone who would be blessed with water would want to drink more and more.
Then Allah says that in Paradise His Lord will bestow upon His Messenger (Peace and Blessings upon Him) a perfect gifts 'A River named 'Kauthar". In the tradition it says that the Prophet was shown his gift of River Kauthar by Angel Gabriel on the Night of Ascend to Heaven (on Rajab 27th)
Therefore Allah says to His Messenger (Peace and Blessings upon Him) that it is not you but your enemies are badly defeated in every field and cut off from all sides and all fields and will be granted severe punishments in the Hereafter.
Then Allah says to worship One True God and Bow to Him Alone. And any sacrifice you do, then do it for Him, taking His Name and not anyone else name since by doing so you will make partners to Him. (But if you want at the time of sacrificed of animal you can take His Name and ask Him in a very humble way to give its reward to so and so).
Allah says that He is not in need of the flesh of your sacrifice but He only wants your piety and devotion.
Since those days the Pagan Arabs used to give the sacrifices to their idol gods and goddesses so Allah has given the order to His Messenger (Peace And Blessings Upon Him) to stop them doing so and not to follow their Ancestral ways, but bow to One True God Who is the Creator, Sustainer and Cherisher of all.
The Summary is taken from the Book "The Pearls Of Wisdom" by Mrs. Badria Kazim (May Allah shower Blessings And Mercy upon Her)
Mr. Liyakat Shah
About Author / Additional Info:
A teacher by profession