Submit Articles A Collection of Informative and Interesting Articles  
 
HOME WANT AN ACCOUNT? SUBMIT ARTICLES TOP AUTHORS Debt Collections (Advt.)
 

The Third Crusade (1187-1192) - Salah-ad-Din

BY: Sara Khan | Category: Others | Submitted: 2011-02-02 20:55:19
       No Photo
Article Summary: "This article discusses the third crusade. When Salah-ad-Din conquered Jerusalem in 1187 CE, it created a shockwave all over Europe. The primary objective of the series of Crusades that were launched on Jerusalem and lasted for nearly two hundred years was to recover the Holy Land from the growing influence of Islam..."


Share with Facebook Share with Linkedin Share with Twitter Share with Pinterest Email this article




The primary objective of the series of Crusades that were launched on Jerusalem and lasted for nearly two hundred years was to recover the Holy Land from the growing influence of Islam. The Crusades were thus Holy wars fought between the Muslims and the Christians, to gain control of Jerusalem and surrounding areas.

When Salah-ad-Din conquered Jerusalem in 1187 CE, it created a shockwave all over Europe. A tax called "The Saladin tithe" was levied in England and to some extent in France in 1188, in response to the capture of Jerusalem by Salah-ad-Din in 1187. Pope Gregory VIII (Alberto di Morra, b. 1100/1105 - d. 1187) therefore called for yet another Crusade to recover Jerusalem from Salah-ad-Din.

The leaders of the Third Crusade were Europe's most important figures: Philip II of France (Philippe Auguste, b. 1165 - d. 1223), Frederick I of the Holy Roman Empire (Frederick I Barbarossa, b. 1122 - d. 1190) and Henry II of England. Later, after the death of Henry II, the English contingent came under the rule of Richard I of England (Coer de Lion/Richard the Lionheart, b. 1157 - d. 1199).

Like the previous crusade, this attempt to recapture Jerusalem did not bear much fruit. However, other cities were captured by the Crusaders. The Roman Emperor Frederick I died by drowning in Cilicia in 1190. Richard, however, was able to capture the island of Cyprus and the City of Acre, but the Muslims eventually recaptured Acre 1191. As a result, Philip decided to return to France in the same year Acre fell to the Muslims. Although crusaders were able to capture a lot of land, they were unable to take control of Jerusalem. Richard then entered into a treaty with Salah-ad-Din by which Jerusalem would remain under Muslim control and unarmed Christian pilgrims would be allowed to visit the city. Richard therefore returned to Europe without capturing Jerusalem.

One of Salah-ad-Din's distinctions is that despite of his win over the Crusaders, the Crusaders held a high opinion of Salah-ad-Din and he gained the respect of many of his nemesis like Richard the Lionheart. In fact when Richard had locked horns with Salah-ud-Din to regain control of Jerusalem, Richard and Salah-ud-Din, despite being military rivals, developed chivalrous mutual respect.

In an offer to unite Christians and Muslims, Richard suggested to Salah-ud-Din to marry his brother (al-Adil) with Richard's daughter, Joan of England, Queen of Sicily, and recommended to make them both rulers of Jerusalem. Although that never materialized because both Joan and al-Adil refused to marry someone outside their faith, it showed the respect that Richard had for his rival.

About Author / Additional Info:
Sara works for Hilal Plaza that provides Hijab http://www.hilalplaza.com/hijab-niqab-scarf.aspx and Quran http://www.hilalplaza.com/Quran_Koran.htm

Comments on this article: (0 comments so far)

Comment Comment By Comment Date

Leave a Comment   |   Article Views: 5066


Additional Articles:
•   The Mindset of Public, Private and Parliament in India

•   I.P.L. : Pakistan's India and it's Labyrinths

•   Whatever Type of Sleeper You Are

•   Settlement System in Securities Across the World


Latest Articles in "Others" category:
•   Understanding of the World

•   The Run, the Old Man and Me !

•   Ayahuasca ....here I Come !

•   A General Disussion

•   A Narrative on Animals and Birds

•   A Big Bang Debate

•   Another Day



Important Disclaimer: All articles on this website are for general information only and is not a professional or experts advice. We do not own any responsibility for correctness or authenticity of the information presented in this article, or any loss or injury resulting from it. We do not endorse these articles, we are neither affiliated with the authors of these articles nor responsible for their content. Please see our disclaimer section for complete terms.
Page copy protected against web site content infringement by Copyscape
Copyright © 2010 saching.com - Do not copy articles from this website.
| Home | Disclaimer | Xhtml |