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Education System in India.BY: Jyoti Sharma | Category: Education | Submitted: 2013-02-14 22:24:35
Article Summary: "Education system in India is divided into different levels such as Pre-Primary level, Primary Level, Secondary level, Higher School level..."
Education system in India is divided into different levels such as Pre-Primary level, Primary Level, Secondary level, Higher School level.
Primary Education System in India-The Indian government lays emphasis to primary education up to the age of fourteen years (referred to as Elementary Education in India.) The Indian government has also banned child labour in order to ensure that the children do not enter unsafe working conditions
Secondary Education System in India- According to census Secondary education covers children 14-18 which covers 88.5 million children.
Higher Education- After passing 10+2 students may enroll to a different university to get bachelor degree in science, commerce or arts As of 2009, India has 20 central universities, 215 state universities, 100 deemed universities, 5 institutions established and functioning under the State Act, and 33 institutes which are of national importance. Some institutes of India like Indian institute of technology (IITS) have been globally acclaimed for their standard of undergraduate education in engineering. More than 10,000 students take admission to IIT every year although the students from different countries also come to India to take admission in different universities. According to a study the The number of graduates coming out of technical colleges increased to over 700,000 in 2011 from 550,000 in FY 2010.
Technical Education- Technical education in India grow day by day as mentioned above IITS have been globally acclaimed for their standard of undergraduate education in engineering and India is No 1 into the IT sector this thing shows that the IT education in India grows and now it attained a No 1 position.
Distance learning education- At school level National Institute of open learning provides opportunities for continuing education to those who missed completing school education. 14 lakh students are enrolled at the secondary and higher secondary level through open and distance learning
At higher education level Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) co-ordinates distance learning to those students who don't want to visit college on a regular basis but needs a degree. The Distance Education Council (DEC), an authority of IGNOU is co-coordinating 13 State Open Universities and 119 institutions of correspondence courses in conventional universities.
In year 1981 women have a much lower literacy then men and by 2001 literacy for women exceeded 50% of overall women population. Recently the Indian government has launched Saakshar Bharat Mission for Female Literacy. This mission aims to bring down female illiteracy by half of its present level.
Government also launched some rural education programmes because half population of India lives in Rural areas and these types of education programme help them to lead a good life by education. But despite all the rural education programme rural schools remain poorly funded and understaffed, so government will have to take some extra steps so that the people who are living in the rural area also become and educated.
According to the Census of 2011, "every person above the age of 7 years who can read and write in any language is said to be literate". According to the 2011 survey holds the National Literacy Rate to be around 74.07%.Government statistics of 2001 also hold that the rate of increase in literacy is more in rural areas than in urban areas. Female literacy was at a national average of 65% whereas the male literacy was 82%.Within the Indian states, Kerala has shown the highest literacy rates of 93% whereas Bihar averaged 63.8% literacy. The 2001 statistics also indicated that the total number of 'absolute non-literates' in the country was 304 million.
Describe above are all the levels of education system in India, after getting to know all the levels one thing is sure that the level of education grow in India but still we are not No 1 into this thing, So there is long way to go into the field of education and soon we will become No 1 into the field of education also.
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