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What is Cyber Law and online rules of conduct.

BY: David Prakash Kumar | Category: Technology and Computers | Post Date: 2010-01-28
 



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   David Prakash Kumar
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Cyber Law?

Cyber Law is the law governing cyber space. Cyber space is a very wide term that includes computers, networks, software, data storage devices (such as hard disks, USB disks etc), the Internet, websites, emails and even electronic devices such as cell phones, ATM machines etc. The law governing the cyber space should also encompass all these things and so cyber law can be very tricky. The cyber police should be very efficient to be able to trap the criminals in their act to make the law punish them.

Law encompasses the rules of conduct:

1. That have been approved by the government,
2. Which are in force over a certain territory, and
3. Which must be obeyed by all persons on that territory
Violation of these rules could lead to government action such as imprisonment or fine or an order to pay compensation.

Cyber law encompasses laws relating to:

1. Cyber Crimes, the crimes that are committed using computers in the internet or within an organization using computers.
2. Electronic and Digital Signatures that are used to forge various document . as if it was done by another person. This is usually done to swindle money unlawfully.
3. Intellectual Property and intellectual rights that are stolen by other people using the internet and computers.
4. Data Protection and Privacy.

Cyber crimes are unlawful acts where the computer is used either as a tool or a target or both. The enormous growth in electronic commerce (e-commerce) and online share trading has led to a phenomenal spurt in incidents of cyber crime. These crimes are discussed in detail further in this chapter. In fact the banking system has also started relying on internet and computers for all their transactions and work. This has made it possible for the criminals to use this avenue to make money quickly, easily and without a trace. A comprehensive discussion on the Indian law relating to cyber
Crimes and digital evidence is provided in the ASCL publication
Titled -Cyber Crimes & Digital Evidence - Indian Perspective-.

Electronic signatures are used to authenticate electronic records. Digital signatures are one type of electronic signature. Digital signatures satisfy three major legal requirements - signer authentication, message authentication and message integrity. The technology and efficiency of digital signatures makes them more trustworthy than hand written signatures.

These issues are discussed in detail in the ASCL publication titled -Ecommerce -Legal Issues-. Intellectual property is referred to as creations of the human mind e.g. a story, a song, a painting, a design etc. The facets of intellectual property that relate to cyber space are covered by cyber law from being used by other people unlawfully. This helps to protect the copyright of various intellectual properties on the internet.

Data protection and privacy laws aim to achieve a fair balance between the privacy rights of the individual and the interests of data controllers such as banks, hospitals, email service providers etc. These laws seek to address the challenges to privacy caused by collecting, storing and transmitting data using new technologies.

All these have made it very important for a person using internet to know about these cyber laws.

Article Source: http://www.saching.com



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