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Walking Aids: Types and uses (Frames, Stick, Elbow and Axillary crutch)

BY: David Prakash Kumar | Category: Others | Post Date: 2009-11-27
 



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   David Prakash Kumar
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Walking aids have many functions. They are used for people who have difficulty or inability to walk and these are the people who are primarily in need of a walker of any other walking aid. There are various types of walking aids and their use depends on the need of the individual who is going to be using the walking aid.

Common types of walking aids:

The most common types of walking aids are crutches that can be either an axillary crutch or an elbow crutch. The walking aids also include walkers, frames and walking sticks.

Axillary crutch:

This is a crutch that has a hand piece that is held against the chest wall of the person who is walking. The person should make sure that they are not pressing against the axilla as this can lead to compression of various nerves in that area. The nerve compression is a very challenging problem and should be prevented from occurring.

The axillary crutch is prescribed to people who have difficulty in waking without support. This includes people with an amputation and also people who have had a fracture in the legs. These people can try to walk with the elbow crutch, but the elbow crutch needs more balance. The axillary crutch provides more balance and also stability to the person than a elbow crutch.

Elbow crutch:

The elbow crutch is a crutch that is held by the person with the hand and has support over the elbow. This kind of crutch can only be used by the person who has a lot more stability. This is the reason this crutch is given for people who only need minimal support and stability.

Walking stick:

This is also considered to be a walking aid though it is not only given for people who are sick and need to be rehabilitated. Walking sticks are of different kinds. The conventional one is what we all know. This is used just as a support for the person who walks on the ground. It provides very minimal support to the person who is walking. Many times, the walking stick is just given as a confidence building measure for the person to be able to walk.

Frames:

Frames are another kind of walking aids. These have four bases and they can be wither rolled on the ground as the person walks or it can be lifted and placed forward to walk. Frames are given to people who have very less strength in their legs.

These are the various kinds of crutches and walking aids that can be used in the rehabilitation of a person. These should only be used after adequately assessing the persons ability to walk. If the person has stability and is able to support the weight of the body with the various walking aids, then the walking aid is given to the individual. The person is taught and trained to use the walking aid to minimize the risk of a fall. For those who have very minimal ability to have support, wheelchairs can be used instead.

Article Source: http://www.saching.com



About Author / Additional Info: I am a physiotherapist and also a freelance writer. I have been writing for many blogs and websites and also take up freelance assignments. Comments are welcome at prakashdavid@rediffmail.com

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