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The Montessori Method of educationBY: David Prakash Kumar | Category: Education | Post Date: 2009-07-19
This method was first used by Dr.Maria Montessori. She found that feeble minds are due to the dullness of the senses. So she realized that if the senses were stimulated, then it would help the children to learn more and improve the learning. This thought led to the Montessori Method of education.
Now, it is considered as one of the most important method of education. Many schools follow this method of education. Even teachers are specially trained to work in schools with the Montessori Method of education.
Principles of Montessori Method of Education:
1. Education is development: Montessori believed that education was a kind of development. The teachers are to make the children grow naturally and spontaneously.
2. Freedom: The children are given more freedom and not controlled like the traditional teaching. This helps the children to grow and learn without any inhibitions.
3. Individuality: When the children learn and grow unhindered, they bring out their unique talents and their individuality is seen. Each child is encouraged to develop his or her own skills instead of forcing a particular type of education and learning on them.
4. Sense training: This was and is the most important aspect of the Montessori Method of education. Each child is made to mingle with various objects and feel the aids that are used in learning. Various shapes and sizes of wooden boards or other such items are used to help the children learn.
5. Self education: The children are encouraged to learn by themselves. This will help to give the child more confidence. This will also increase the inquisitiveness of the child and make the child to explore more.
The various sensory developments that occur in the Montessori Method of education are:
A. Tactual Sense: Here the pupil is blindfolded and this helps develop the tactual sense.
B. Auditory Sense: To develop the auditory sense, the children are sometimes left in an environment full of silence and darkness. This develops their sense of hearing.
C. Size: To make the child understand the various sizes, wooden cylinders of various sizes are given which can vary in the height or volume or both.
D. Various forms in metals or wood are provided for the child to learn all about the different forms.
These are the various activities that were given to children to learn. Learning by this Montessori Method of education helped the children to develop in their own way and in a natural environment. Their sensory stimuli helped them to learn and understand various concepts better.
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