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Rotator Cuff Tear and Its Consequences

BY: JoJustin | Category: Health and Fitness | Post Date: 2010-02-25
 



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Rotator cuff tear is a common injury that occurs in the shoulder. There are actually many tendons and muscles that cross around the shoulder joint. This makes it a common site of injury. There are various causes of rotator cuff injury in a person. If treated, the consequences can be decreased, but if one does not treat the condition, then the person can have a lot of problems including stiffness in the shoulder joint.

Rotator cuff muscles are many in number, but they are usually the muscles or tendons of Supraspinatus, infraspinaus, teres minor and subscapularis. These muscles can get damaged and this is called as the rotator cuff injury. A person with this kind of injury can have many consequences, but first the mechanism of injury is more important.

Causes of rotator cuff tear:
1. Traumatic Injury:


A traumatic injury is the usual cause of the rotator cuff injury. There are many people who have traumatic accidents where they fall off a bike or they fall on the ground while walking. This can cause injury to the muscles already mentioned that are in that region leading to rotator cuff tear.

2. Stress injuries:

There are many times when the person who is having repeated movements of the rotator cuff muscles as part of the occupation, can have a stress injury that causes the person to have a tear.

Signs of rotator cuff tear:
1. Pain:


Pain is one of the most important signs of the rotator cuff tear. The person has severe pain on moving the hand and this signifies that there is rotator cuff tear present. The person may not be able to lift the hand at times. At other times, the person may not be able to do any overhead activities. These are the most common signs of rotator cuff injury.

2. Loss of function:


There can be a very severe tear of the rotator cuff muscles that can cause the person to be unable to move the hand. The person may not be able to lift the hand because the muscles are not functioning because of the tear in the muscles.

Treatment for rotator cuff tears:
Severe tear:


In cases where there is a severe tear in the rotator cuff muscles, the only option of treatment would be surgery. The ends of the torn muscles are joined together and then sutured. This is the best option for treatment of the part.

Mild tear:

Rest is one of the best methods of treating minor tears of the rotator cuff. One can give rest to the injured part in a sling and this will help to prevent further damage to the part.

Late complications:

There are many people who have stiffness in the affected area as a late complication of the rotator cuff tear. The reason for this is that people do not use their hands, especially for over head activities and this causes stiffness of the part. Active exercises and movement of the hand once the pain has decreased after an injury will help to prevent this complication.

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