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Objectives of Diet management in Diabetes mellitus

BY: Deena David | Category: Food and Drinks | Post Date: 2009-09-10

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   Deena David
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Diabetes is a metabolic and endocrinal disorder. The disease is identified mainly by the elevated glucose levels. The elevated blood glucose presents the glucose in the body to be effectively used for the metabolism. This elevated glucose levels can lead to altered metabolism of the carbohydrate, protein and fat intake in the body. The main reason for the altered metabolism is the failure in the formation of insulin or its liberation.

There are two major types of diabetes. They are :

Type I :IDDM or insulin dependent diabetes
Type II: NIDDM or non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus

Insulin dependent diabetes is prone to ketosis and requires insulin. This usually appears at a young age.

Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus is not prone to ketosis. There is less sever deficiency of insulin and this condition can be treated with tablets, diet etc.

Objectives of nutritional in a diabetic are:

1. To prevent hyperglyciemia and to maintain the blood sugar
as normal as possible. To prevent hyper glycemia, the person should not eat excess amounts of sweets and sweet foods. This can cause a sudden increase in the glucose levels in the body. This increase in the glucose level can in turn cause various complications. Sometimes the increased level of blood glucose can be fatal, especially if the levels are very high and uncontrolled.

2. To maintain the condition as symptom less as possible. There can be various associated problems when a person is affected by diabetes. Keeping these under control can be very difficult unless the person understands the course of the disease.

3. To prevent hypoglycemia if a patient is on oral hyperglycaemic drugs or on insulin. Hypoglycemia can cause coma and also death in diabetics due to the sudden lack of glucose and oxygen to the brain and tissues. So hypoglycemia should be avoided.

4. To try and achieve and also maintain normal weight and allow normal growth and development in children. Children who are affected by diabetes have to be more careful as they have to face the disease all through their life. Adequate family involvement is essential. This will help the child to cope better with the disease and will be able to overcome it.

5. To prevent or delay complications and maintain normal lipid levels in the blood. The lipid levels of persons affected by diabetes can increase leading to cardio vascular problems. This is a major complication of diabetes. Sudden death due to heart attacks in diabetic patients is very common. So the lipid levels have to be kept under control.

6. To permit the diabetic patient to lead a normal life. Lifestyle modifications, health education and provision of appropriate care can help the person affected by diabetes to lead a normal or a near normal life.

To ensure that these principles are followed in a person suffering with diabetes, the person should eat a balanced diet that has adequate amount of carbohydrate, protein, fat, fibre, minerals and vitamins. This will help the diabetic person to lead a healthy lifestyle by keeping adequate control on the diabetes and the glucose levels in the blood.

Article Source: http://www.saching.com

About Author / Additional Info: I have completed my Masters Degree in Paediatric Nursing. I am a writer with a passion for writing. I have been writing for some blogs and other sites. Comments are welcome at the following e mail address: deenaanddavid@gmail.com

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