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Importance of Calcium and other minerals in nutritionBY: Deena David | Category: Food and Drinks | Post Date: 2009-07-23
Nutrition is very important for the human body to work to its maximum without any problems. There are various nutrients that are necessary for the body to function well. Vitamins, carbohydrates, proteins and fats are some of the essential nutrients. Minerals are the other important things that need to be a part of a healthy diet.
The term minerals refer to the elements in their simple and inorganic form. They are also called as mineral elements or inorganic nutrients. Minerals are vital to good health. Minerals like Calcium should be part of the everyday nutrition. In fact, all the essential minerals are necessary for the efficient functioning of the human body.
Minerals also help in maintaining the volume of water that is necessary for life to go on. The water will help to draw the chemicals into and also out of the cells. They also maintain the acid- base balance of the blood and body fluids. Each of the enzymes present in our body is associated with minerals in one capacity or another.
Essential elements needed are :
Other than those listed above, the body also needs some trace elements for the regular functioning. The trace elements include iodine, copper, cobalt, manganese, Zinc, fluorine and other such elements.
Importance of Calcium:
The human body needs Calcium more than any other mineral. This is because of the many important functions performed by Calcium in the human body.
The importance of Calcium and the functions it does are:
1. It helps in building strong bones and teeth. This is because Calcium is one of the important components of both bones and teeth.
2. Contractions of the muscles need Calcium to be present. Even the muscles of the heart will not be able to contract without Calcium.
3. Calcium is also necessary for the clotting of blood.
4. Calcium stimulates enzymes in the digestive process and also coordinates the functions of all other minerals in the body.
Sources of Calcium:
Calcium is found in milk and milk products. It is also found in whole wheat, leafy vegetables, carrots, oranges, lemons, almonds, figs and walnuts. A daily intake of about 0.4 to 0.6 grams of Calcium in the diet is necessary for a normal adult. Intake of increased amount of Calcium is necessary for people suffering from osteoporosis and other such conditions. A Physicians advice is necessary before any additional intake of Calcium.
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