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Idealism and the various principles of idealism

BY: David Prakash Kumar | Category: Others | Post Date: 2009-08-17
 



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   David Prakash Kumar
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Idealism is one of the oldest philosophies. This is one of the most important philosophies that have ever been formulated. This talks of the attainment of perfection of human beings. The term is derived from the Greek word that means to see'. Plato is the father of idealism. The basic belief of idealism is that man is a combination of spiritual and material aspects. Of the two, spiritual aspect is considered to be more important. An idealist gives more importance to the mind and self than the matter and body.

There are a few principles of idealism. They are given in detail below.

1. Principle of universal mind:
An idealist believes that there is a universal mind and this universal mind is considered as God. All knowledge and human life is thought to have originated from this universal mind or God. Humans being a beautiful creation of God, the ultimate aim of the humans should be the realization of God or universal mind. Even now many people with or without their knowledge follow this principle. This can be said because many of us thank God for our existence in this world. We also seek God's blessing in every activity that we may be doing.

2. Man is a spiritual being: According to this idealistic philosophy, man is a combination of spiritual and materialistic aspects. The spiritual nature of the human being is considered to be the essence of the human life. This makes the human being unique and different from all the other things that have been created by God. Idealists believe that the mind or spirit is not only the brain and its activity, but a real thing with a separate entity.

3. Ideas and values are superior to materialistic world: Idealism believes in the worth of ideals or higher values. These high values make the human life more meaningful and are not created by man. They have a prior existence as a gift from God to the man kind. The foremost aim of man should be the realization of these higher values. Idealist also believes that attainment of these higher values will be possible only through the realization of God. This principle is really an antidote to varied problems prevailing in our highly materialistic and consumer driven modern society. Addition of higher values to the day to day life will enliven the lives of all people by avoiding the problems faced in life. This is another of the principles of idealism.

4. Real knowledge is perceived in mind: According to idealists, the knowledge gained by various activities that include creativity of the mind is more valid than the knowledge acquired through the senses. The most important drawback of this principle of idealism is that it misjudged the role of the various senses in acquiring knowledge.

The idealists consider that the ultimate aim of life is to change the human being into an ideal creature with attainment of physical, intellectual, emotional, moral and spiritual perfection. This is considered as the major goals of idealistic behavior.

Article Source: http://www.saching.com



About Author / Additional Info: I am a physiotherapist and also a freelance writer. I have been writing for many blogs and websites and also take up freelance assignments. Comments are welcome at prakashdavid@rediffmail.com

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