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Financing of health care in India

BY: David Prakash Kumar | Category: Politics | Post Date: 2009-06-19
 



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   David Prakash Kumar
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Health financing by most of the governments in the developing countries is by general tax revenues. Many countries have social security systems for a section of their population.

In private sectors, the hospital personnel are financed completely by the fees paid for the services provided.

Employees health insurance is a new way of paying for the health requirements of people who work in different organizations. India is making a start on this. For this it is essential to estimate the cost of a package for preventive measures like- immunization, pre-natal, post-natal care and primary health care services. In India it is estimated that curative expenses are more than the preventive services.

In India the majority of patients admitted in hospitals are with preventable diseases like- diarrhoea respiratory diseases, tuberculosis etc. These diseases can be prevented with proper sanitation.

Health plans and outlays in India:

The overall health planning is oriented towards preventive public health, with more emphasis on rural development. But in reality it is different and the health services in India is urban oriented, elite oriented and curative in nature.

There has been significant achievement in the country in the areas of health. Some of the major achievements are listed below.

- small pox eradicated
- Morbidity & mortality due to cholera, malaria and various other diseases decreased.
- Crude birth rate & infant mortality rate declined
- Crude death rate reduced
- Life expectancy at birth increased

Health plans & outlays:


- In terms of expenditure, health includes medical and public health expenditure
- Health related expenditures in clue family welfare and nutrition
- Health in India is concerned with state government and family welfare is by central government
- The government ministries primarily concerned with health are
- ministry of health & family welfare, labour and the department of social welfare
- The share of total government outlay (amount of money spent) on health related matters rose from 2.7 % from first five year plan to 3.9 % in the sixth plan.
- In the seventh plan from the total outlay 21.8 % is allotted for family planning 11.7 & is fro nutrition, 11.7 % and water supply and sanitation for 43.7 % 6.9 % for communicable diseases, 7.3 % for medical education and research 8.6% for hospitals and dispensaries.


Though we don't have a clear analysis of the health outlay, it is clear that there is trend towards increasing expenditure and rural primary health care services and family welfare programmes. This is sure to help improve the health care status of the country's people because most of the population lives in the rural areas.

Article Source: http://www.saching.com



About Author / Additional Info: I am a physiotherapist by profession. A writer by interest. I take up freelance assignments for various websites and blogs. Comments are welcome at prakashdavid@rediffmail.com

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