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Diet after Surgery: Important diet aspects to be remembered after an operation?BY: Deena David | Category: Food and Drinks | Post Date: 2009-07-28
The number of surgeries being performed for various abnormalities in the body is on the rise. Surgeries are performed for diseases of the heart, brain, gastro intestinal system and all other parts of the body. With the rise in the number of surgeries, the complications during the post operative period also is on the rise. Patients who have undergone surgeries and their families sometimes do not know what to do. This is especially true about the diet to be eaten after surgeries.
The diet after a surgery is usually different from the normal diet that a person can have. If a person has had a simple or minor surgery that does not involve the gastrointestinal tract may eat as soon as they wish. This is not true about people who have undergone major surgeries.
The diet that a person has to take after surgery will be explained by the surgeon or a dietician. This article also gives a few guidelines on the things to eat and foods to avoid.
1. At first, water is allowed in small amount orally. This is after the effect of the anesthesia has worn off. Too much should not be given as this can cause vomiting.
2. Amount of water is gradually increased as per the advice of the surgeon.
3. Once the individual is taking free fluids, a light diet of easily digestible non bulky food is given.
4. Gradually a normal diet is introduced.
5. The length of time required to return to normal diet pattern may vary from person to person depending on the surgery done.
6. A moderate light diet is best in the immediate post operative period, even if the person who has undergone the surgery is very hungry.
7. The post operative diet should include a varied diet. The diet should have adequate protein. The diet should also permit a satisfactory weight gain in the patients who are undernourished, or those who have lost much weight.
8. Sometimes, the patient can have a nasogastric tube. Once bowel sounds are heard and the volume of the nasogastric aspirate diminishes, proper oral feeding can be started in stages as already indicated above.
These are the important things that have to be remembered after a person has undergone surgery as far as diet is concerned. Each hospital and surgeon may have different diet and weaning protocols after surgery. It is better to consult the dietician or the surgeon regarding the food and diet. This article is only a guideline for the method in which normal diet is given.
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