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Diabetes and its effect on pregnancy

BY: Deena David | Category: Women | Post Date: 2009-08-15

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   Deena David
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Diabetes in increasingly becoming a common condition, that is seen in women who are pregnant. There are various reasons for the diabetes in pregnancy. Some of these reasons can be changes in lifestyle of the population as a whole. It may also be due to genetics. Whatever the reason, diabetes in pregnancy can cause various problems. These can even be fatal in very severe cases if untreated.

There are various effects that can be seen in pregnancy due to diabetes. The effects can be for the mother or the baby. They are listed in this article.

Effects of diabetes on pregnancy

If the diabetes is well controlled in women who are pregnant, then there may be very less complications. When the control is inadequate, then it can lead to various complications. There can be various irreversible changes that can occur in the body of the women with diabetes. If a woman has diabetes before pregnancy, then the fertility of the woman can be reduced. There is also an increased risk of abortion, still birth, fetal abnormalities in the children of women who have been having diabetes.

The death rate of children born to women who have been diabetic during pregnancy can be higher. Research has showed that compared to the death rate of children born to mothers with no diabetes is less than that of those who have diabetes during pregnancy. Diabetic women are also more prone to urinary tract infections.

The incidence of certain other diseases like pre eclampsia which is nothing but hypertension in the woman who is pregnant can occur. There is also an increase in the amount of amniotic fluid in women who have diabetes during pregnancy. This is also called as polyhydramnios.

Effects on the fetus:

The effects of uncontrolled diabetes can also various complications in the fetus. This is because the maternal metabolism plays a major role in the development of the fetus. A very high sugar level which is also called as diabetic ketosis can cause intra-uterine death of the fetus. It can also cause danger to the life of the woman. So when a woman who is pregnant is having diabetic ketosis, then the woman has to be immediately admitted to the hospital.

There is also a higher risk and also incidence of congenital deformities in children who are born to women who have diabetes during pregnancy that is not controlled properly. Neural tube defects are twice as common in babies born to women with diabetes during pregnancy. This is a major disabling effect because of the neurological deficits that the child can have as it grows.

Jaundice in the new born is also common, though diabetes in the pregnant woman is not the only cause of neonatal jaundice. The babies of the women who have had diabetes during pregnancy are also larger in size than the babies born to women with no diabetes,. The large size of the baby can also cause complications. This may be the higher chance of Caesarian section in these women.

Effective control of diabetes in women who are pregnant is very important to neutralize the effects and decrease the risk of various complications.

Article Source: http://www.saching.com

About Author / Additional Info: I have completed my Masters Degree in Paediatric Nursing. I am a writer with a passion for writing. I have been writing for some blogs and other sites. Comments are welcome at the following e mail address: deenaanddavid@gmail.com

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