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Critical Care - Emergency treatment and their importance in saving lives

BY: Deena David | Category: Health and Fitness | Post Date: 2010-01-29

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   Deena David
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The human body cannot live, on an average 3 minutes without oxygen, 3 days without water and 3 weeks without food. This should be known by all people, as it will not only be useful in case of emergency for their own kith and kin, but also for others.

Primary Assessment, Emergency diagnosis, selecting the means of transportation and medical care during transportation are all very important and these should be decided within seconds or minutes of an emergency occurring.

Every emergency situation requires quick medical reasoning, complex and dynamic therapeutic measures applied on the patient and these include resuscitation of the cardio-pulmonary system, cerebral resuscitation, intensive care therapy and admission in the intensive care unit.

The various goals of Emergency medicine, before going to hospital are:

1. To ensure patient's emergency health care in the shortest time possible:

The patient who is an emergency situation should be attended as quickly as possible and the required attention given to make sure that the best possible care is available to save the life. Early and optimal care is very essential for every patient in an emergency.

2. Try stabilizing the patient before transport:

The patient should first be stabilized in the medical condition as well as in the other aspects before the transportation of the patient is done to a medical facility. Moving the patient inappropriately or inadequate initial treatment can either snuff out the life of the person or it can disable the person for life. This is especially true when patients with spinal fractures are shifted inappropriately and they have spinal cord injury and become disabled for life. Similarly, people with blocked airway supply should be given immediate ventilation to prevent brain damage.

3. When necessary provide direct patient transport to a specialized center:

The emergency team should be knowledgeable and try to shift the victim to the appropriate facility. This will save time and also give a greater chance of recovery for the affected individual. This is like sending a burns patient to burns center and a victim of an accident to a center that specializes in trauma care. Transporting a heart attack patient to a center excelling in coronary care. This will ensure a higher chance of patient survival.

4. Emergency medical tasks:

The emergency attendance to the victim before taking to the hospital is very different from those in hospital. Working conditions are primitive and can be necessary to make compromises between extended therapy, prolonged and acute therapy. Addressing critical needs of the patient before transport is a critical need in any emergency situation.

5. Communication and triage:

The communication from the team that is transporting the patient to the medical center to get the emergency team at the hospital ready is very important. Information given by the emergency team will also enable the hospital staff to get the appropriate equipments ready to treat the victim of the emergency. Triage should be quick and the patient sent to the appropriate treatment chamber as quickly as possible.

All the above are important in saving the life during a medical emergency.

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