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Complications during pregnancy

BY: Deena David | Category: Women | Post Date: 2009-07-18

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Pregnancy is a period that is filled with expectation for the parents to be. There are also a lot of changes in the lifestyle caused by the pregnancy. Coping with these changes is very important. Sometimes, there can be complications in the pregnancy. Some of these common complications are discussed in this article.

1. Miscarriage: This is the spontaneous delivery of the foetus before it has developed sufficiently. Actually one in five pregnancies end in a miscarriage. Most of these miscarriages occur in the first three months of the pregnancy. Sometimes miscarriages occur due to the mal development of the foetus. Abuse of drugs , hormonal imbalance, inadequate nutrition, a fall or injury can be the other causes of miscarriage.

2. Ectopic pregnancy: This refers to the development of the foetus outside the uterus, mostly in the oviduct.

3. Vaginal bleeding: Spotting or a brownish discoloured discharge can be common during the early part of pregnancy. Bright red spots of blood can indicate that there is continuous bleeding and this should be reported to the doctor immediately. Vaginal bleeding is a common complication during pregnancy and can lead to danger to the life of the child or the mother. It can also indicate miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy or a separated placenta.

4. Hypertension during pregnancy: For a percentage of pregnant mothers, there can be an increase in the blood pressure. This may be associated with swelling of hands and fingers. This is commonly called as preeclampsia. With adequate care, mild cases can be kept under control. The control of preeclampsia can be with diet, water and bed rest. If convulsions develop, and then it is called as eclampsia. Sometimes, the doctor may terminate the pregnancy to save the mother's life. Sometimes, the foetus or the child can be taken out with Caesarean section.

5. Umbilical cord problems: There can be times when there is impeded blood flow to the foetus due the placenta looping around the neck. During the time of delivery also, the cord can be around the neck, leading to birth trauma. Emergency actions are taken in case anything like this happens.

6. Placenta previa: This is a condition in which the placenta is present abnormally near the cervix. This can lead to increased bleeding and / or premature delivery. In such conditions, caesarean section would be the best type of delivery.

These are the common complications of pregnancy. In many places, with adequate medical care most of these complications can be overcome. Sometimes, there can be fatalities associated with pregnancy and delivery.

Article Source: http://www.saching.com

About Author / Additional Info: I am a Masters Degree holder in Pediatric Nursing. I also do freelance writing work. I am also interested in technology and computer applications. Comments on the article can be sent to deenaanddavid@gmail.com

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