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Causes, diagnosis and management of PHLEBITIS (Thrombophlebitis)

BY: Deena David | Category: Health and Fitness | Post Date: 2009-11-29
 



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   Deena David
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Phlebitis is also called as thrombophlebitis. It is a medical condition and is cause by the abnormal veins in the body of a person. There are various causes of this condition. There are some that occur in specific conditions in specific people, but it can also occur without any possible cause and this type of thrombophlebitis is called as idiopathic thrombophlebitis.

The causes of thrombophlebitis:

1. Poor circulation:


The person with poor circulation in the body can have this condition because of the pooling of the blood in the deeper areas of the legs,. It can also occur if the person has a block in the veins. The blocs can cause the stagnation or pooling of the blood without being able to pump it back into the regular circulation. This is one of the common causes of thrombophlebitis.

2. Obesity:

When a person is excessively obese, this condition can develop because the person is not able to lead an active life like people who are not obese and this in turn will cause the person to have the blood stagnate in the lower limbs and this can cause this condition.

3. Medications (Intravenous):

Intravenous medications can also cause this condition, because the veins can be damaged when the intravenous injections are being administered. This can cause the person to have decreased blood flow. This condition that is caused by the medication is called as chemical thrombophlebitis.

4. Varicose veins:

This is a common condition that occurs in people who stand for a long time. It can also occur in pregnant women. These varicose veins are also a sign of the person has a high risk of getting this condition.

Diagnosis:

The diagnosis of this condition is usually done with the presence of clinical signs and also with the various symptoms. It can be confirmed with an ultrasound that is done.

Signs and symptoms:

The person affected with this condition can have a variety of symptoms. They can include signs like an increase in the size of the blood vessels. The area can become reddish or brownish because of the pooling of blood. The affected person may also have other signs like pain and swelling in the legs, especially in the course of the blood vessel. Severe conditions can result in shortness of breath in the person.

Treatment and prevention methods:

A person who wants to prevent this condition should do he same things that are advised for a person who needs to be treated for this condition. The person should make sure that they are not resting for a long time. The person should do adequate amount of exercise to make sure that the blood flow is constant. Any slowing or decrease in the blood flow from the lower legs can cause this condition to occur. People who are planning to go on long journeys by flight should walk at regular intervals and also should do ankle toe movements to keep the circulation going.

The condition can also be treated by wearing compression stockings where the person wears stockings that help the blood top move to the proximal areas. There are certain medications too that can help to prevent the blood from clotting and pooling in the lower extremities.

Article Source: http://www.saching.com



About Author / Additional Info: I have completed my Masters Degree in Paediatric Nursing. I am a writer with a passion for writing. I have been writing for some blogs and other sites. Comments are welcome at the following e mail address: deenaanddavid@gmail.com

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