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All about Malaria: Causes, symptoms, prevention and treatment.

BY: David Prakash Kumar | Category: Animals and Pets | Post Date: 2009-07-17
 



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   David Prakash Kumar
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Many people may not know that malaria exists as a disease in certain countries. These endemic areas still contributes to many deaths due to this disease. Malaria is most common in the developing countries. Malaria is actually a vector borne infectious disease caused by protozoan parasites. It is actually present predominantly in the tropical regions of the world, including parts of Asia, America and Africa. World Health Organization reports that each year 515 million people are affected by this disease and it kills anywhere between one to three million people. This article talks of the causes, symptoms, prevention and treatment of Malaria.

Causes:

It is an enormous public health problem and is caused by protozoan parasites of the genus plasmodium. There are four types of this parasite and the most common ones that affect humans are Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax. The pathogenic Plasmodium species is referred to as the malaria parasite.

Symptoms:
The many symptoms that accompany Malaria are fever, shivering, joint pains, vomiting, anaemia (Lack of haemoglobin in the blood), convulsions. There is a established cycle of sudden coldness accompanied by shivering, which is followed by fever with sweating that can last from four to six hours.

Prevention and disease control:
The mosquito of the anopheles species bites on the human body that leads to malaria. So malaria control is the most effective method of reducing the incidence of malaria. Some of the methods used to prevent the spread of the disease by protecting the individuals in the areas where malaria is endemic. Prophylactic drugs that can prevent the occurrence of the disease can be given. Mosquito eradication and prevention of mosquito bites can also be done. This can be done by reducing stagnant water bodies. Using mosquito nets will also help prevent the spread of the disease.

Control of mosquito bites will greatly reduce the incidence of malaria. This has been the reason for increased number of mosquito nets been provided by malaria prevention programs to people living in malaria endemic areas. Most of these mosquito nets are also treated with insecticides to help kill the mosquitoes before they find a way past the mosquito nets.

Treatment is by giving adequate rest to the patient and giving drugs like cloroquine to treat the disease. These are the important aspects of the disease. The best method is to prevent the occurrence by preventive methods than treating after the occurrence of the disease. This will help to prevent many deaths that occur in the developing countries, mainly the Sub-Saharan Africa where many children die due to Malaria.

Article Source: http://www.saching.com



About Author / Additional Info: I am a physiotherapist by profession. A writer by interest. I take up freelance assignments for various websites and blogs. Comments are welcome at prakashdavid@rediffmail.com

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